Different Types of Earth Moving Equipment

Excavators

Excavators are heavy construction equipment consisting of a boom, dipper (or stick), bucket and cab on a rotating platform known as the “house”.

Backhoe loader

A backhoe loader, also called a loader backhoe, digger in layman's terms, or colloquially shortened to backhoe within the industry, is a heavy equipment vehicle that consists of a tractor-like unit fitted with a loader-style shovel/bucket on the front and a backhoe on the back.

Bulldozer

A bulldozer is a tractor equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade) used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, or other such material during construction or conversion work and typically equipped at the rear with a claw-like device (known as a ripper) to loosen densely compacted materials.

Skid-steer loader

A skid loader is a small, rigid-frame, engine-powered machine with lift arms used to attach a wide variety of labor-saving tools or attachments.

Motor grader

A motor grader, is a construction machine with a long blade used to create a flat surface during the grading process.

Trencher

A trencher is a piece of construction equipment used to dig trenches, especially for laying pipes or electrical cables, for installing drainage, or in preparation for trench warfare.

Loader

A loader is a heavy equipment machine used in construction to move aside or load materials such as asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, snow, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, woodchips, etc. into or onto another type of machinery.

Wheel tractor-scraper

A wheel tractor-scraper is a piece of heavy equipment used for earthmoving.

Dragline excavator

A dragline excavator is a piece of heavy equipment used in civil engineering and surface mining.

Paver

A paver (paver finisher, asphalt finisher, paving machine) is a piece of construction equipment used to lay asphalt on roads, bridges, parking lots and other such places.

Compactor

A compactor is a machine or mechanism used to reduce the size of material such as waste material or biomass through compaction.

Telehandler

The telehandler (telescopic handler) has a boom that is configured to accept an attachment coupler.

Feller buncher

Feller buncher is a type of harvester used in logging. It is a motorized vehicle with an attachment that can rapidly gather and cut a tree before felling it.

Dump truck

A dump truck, known also as a dumper truck or tipper truck, is used for taking dumps (such as sand, gravel, or demolition waste) for construction as well as coal.

Pile driver

A pile driver is a device used to drive piles into soil to provide foundation support for buildings or other structures.

Crawled loader

Crawled loaders are machines with a tracked chassis and a loader that can be used for digging and moving/loading materials. They are a versatile component of any fleet, able to perform many tasks.